There is currently no recommended screening exam for neurological (CNS) cancer. Most neurological (CNS) tumors are found when a person sees their healthcare provider because they have symptoms.

Neurological (CNS) Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of neurological (CNS) cancer vary based on:

  • The size of the tumor
  • Where it grows on the spinal cord or in the brain
  • The affected area of the brain

Brain tumor symptoms include:

  • Seizures
  • Changes in personality, behavior, ability to focus or mood
  • Speech problems
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Loss of balance
  • Difficulty walking
  • Loss of appetite
  • Morning headaches
  • Headaches that improves after vomiting
  • Frequent nausea or vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Unusual sleepiness
  • A change in activity level

Spinal cord tumor symptoms include: 

  • Back pain
  • Difficulty walking
  • Pain that spreads from the back toward the arms or legs
  • Numbness or weakness in the arms or legs
  • Trouble urinating
  • Changes in bowel habits

Check with your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms. They can also be signs of other health issues.